Telekom's rivals are now coming close in several metrics — with O2, in particular, deserving a mention for strong gains in Availability and Latency — and we will likely see Telekom lose some of its awards in the next year if these trends continue. But nonetheless, our Telekom users' average download and upload speeds are still well ahead of their closest rivals’.
There have been some big changes in the German telecoms landscape since our last report. The country's 5G auction ended in June, raising €6.5 billion from the sale of licenses in the 2 GHz and 3.6 GHz bands. All three of the existing operators acquired fresh spectrum — along with potential new entrant, United Internet's 1&1 Drillisch. The new player, which currently has a mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) deal with O2, has stated it will launch its own 5G network and is in talks with potential 3G and 4G roaming partners, but has yet to publish a timetable for its plans.
Since the auction, both Telekom and Vodafone have launched commercial 5G services in several cities, although initial take-up seems sluggish — and there are questions about whether the average consumer in Germany is ready for 5G. But the country’s 5G networks are advancing: In our most recent analysis of the global 5G market, Opensignal found that just 10% of speed tests conducted in Germany from 5G New Radio (5G NR) enabled devices used an active 5G connection — the majority of speed tests continued to be on 4G — but Germany was second only to early 5G leader South Korea, which saw 20% of speed tests conducted from 5G NR devices using an active 5G connection.
At the dawn of 5G in Germany, this report provides an overview of the current mobile experience on the country's 3G and 4G networks. Looking at the 90-day data period from the start of July, we've measured the user experience across all our key metrics for Germany's three leading operators — O2, Telekom and Vodafone — both at a national level and in 14 of the country's largest cities.