In Opensignal's first mobile network experience report on Latvia, we observed a fierce fight for the awards between Bite and LMT. Both operators end up with an outright win each and five joint victories. Bite solely wins the Upload Speed Experience award, while LMT — 4G Coverage Experience. Both players ended in a statistical tie in Download Speed Experience and share this award. In the remaining four categories, we saw the third national operator Tele2 join the winners’ ranks along with Bite and LMT — which resulted in four three-way statistical ties and joint wins for all of Latvia’s operators.
The national regulator Sabiedrisko Pakalpojumu Regulesanas Komisija (SPRK) has granted spectrum licenses in new spectrum bands to national operators, in two separate spectrum tenders. In December 2021, Bite, LMT and Tele2 spent €13.3 million (around $15.1 million) in total on spectrum blocks in the 700 MHz band. All operators each secured paired 10 MHz blocks, while both LMT and Tele2 also purchased a block of unpaired 10 MHz spectrum in the 700 MHz band, with licences valid from 2025. The second recent spectrum auction in Latvia took place in January 2022 — Bitel, LMT and Tele2 each won a 20 MHz block of unpaired spectrum in the 1500 MHz band. Noteworthy, Bite and Tele2 entered a partial spectrum sharing deal in March 2021.
Latvia’s operators continue to deploy 5G in the country — LMT claimed to have rolled out 100 5G base stations before December 2021, making the 5G services available in all of Latvia’s regions. Meanwhile, Tele2 signed a deal with Nokia for the deployment of 5G RAN equipment in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Tele2 shared that it is ready to deploy 5G services in Latvia, using the 700MHz and 3.5GHz bands. Tele2 also announced that it intends to invest €12.5 million to modernise its core and RAN networks and install new base stations, while its competitor Bite shared that it plans to spend €70 million to develop its 5G network in the next three years.
In this report, we've analyzed the mobile network experience for Latvia's national operators — Bite, LMT and Tele2, over a period of 90 days beginning November 1, 2021 and ending January 29, 2022, to see how they fared. 5G measurements contributed to the overall scores.