Mobile Network Experience Report United Kingdom October 2020

United Kingdom

Mobile Network Experience Report
October 2020

Opensignal is the independent global standard for analyzing consumer mobile experience. Our industry reports are the definitive guide to understanding the true experience consumers receive on wireless networks.

Author
Sam Fenwick Senior Analyst

Key findings

EE wins our first ever Games Experience award in the U.K.

Our Games Experience metric is a measure of how mobile users experience real-time multiplayer mobile gaming on an operator’s network. Measured on a scale of 0-100, it analyzes how our users’ multiplayer mobile gaming experience is affected by mobile network conditions including latency, packet loss and jitter to determine the impact on gameplay. EE is the first U.K. operator to win the Games Experience award and it has done so with a score of 72.3 — 1.3 points ahead of second-placed Vodafone.

Vodafone wins the Voice App Experience award for the third time in a row

While EE’s dominance over the rest of our awards table has remained unchanged since our last report, so has Vodafone’s grip on our Voice App Experience award, as the operator was able to win it for the third consecutive report. Its score of 78.2 points beat second-placed EE’s by 0.3 points, marginally down from the 0.4 points seen in our last report.

EE holds the top spot for Video Experience, O2 pushes past Vodafone to come second

EE has now held our Video Experience award for four reports in a row, this time achieving a Video Experience score of 74.2 out of 100. In addition, O2 has taken second place from Vodafone since our last report. While EE’s lead over O2 is 1.8 points higher than its lead over Vodafone for this measure of the mobile experience last time round, not everything has gone EE’s way. The operator has dropped down a category — from Excellent (75 or above) to Very Good (65-75), due to a 1.4 point drop in its score. As a consequence, EE is now on an even footing with its rivals, all of whom also have placed in the Very Good category.

The Download Speed Experience gap between EE and Vodafone has widened

EE is once again the victor when it comes to the average overall download speeds observed by our users in the U.K. and its lead over second-placed Vodafone has risen from the 11.6 Mbps (50.3%) that was seen in our previous report to 14.6 Mbps (71.4%). However, the main cause of this increase was a 2.6 Mbps (11.4%) drop in the average overall download speeds observed by our Vodafone users rather than the 0.4 Mbps increase seen by their EE counterparts, which took its score to an impressive 35 Mbps.

Vodafone closes in on EE on Upload Speed Experience

While EE has won the Upload Speed Experience award for the fourth time in a row, its lead has slipped substantially since our last report. The average overall upload speeds observed by our EE users fell by 0.9 Mbps (9.8%), while their counterparts on Vodafone saw theirs fall by a more modest 0.5 Mbps (6.1%). These changes are enough to cut EE’s lead by 30%, reducing it to just over 1 Mbps for this measure of the mobile network experience.

Introduction

This is the first time that Opensignal has assessed how mobile users experience real-time multiplayer mobile gaming when using different operators’ networks in the U.K. EE has won our inaugural Games Experience award, beating Vodafone by 1.3 points. However, none of the U.K.’s national operators placed in our two top categories (Excellent and Good), indicating that there is considerable room for improvement on this measure of the mobile experience.

As was the case back in April, EE has won all but one of our national awards — the exception again being Voice App Experience, which has now been won by Vodafone for three reports in a row.

Perhaps the biggest announcement in the U.K. mobile market since our last report, is the news that Ofcom is planning a spectrum auction in January 2021 to assign 80 MHz of spectrum in the 700 MHz band and 120 MHz of spectrum in the 3.6-3.8 GHz band. The former is ideal for in-building penetration and rolling out 5G in rural areas, while the latter will help operators boost capacity on their 5G networks. The regulator has stated that this auction will increase the amount of spectrum available for mobile use in the U.K. by 18%.

In this report we examined the mobile network experience of the four main mobile network operators in the U.K.: 3, EE, O2 and Vodafone, over a period of 90 days beginning June 1, 2020, to see how they fared, and further delved deeper into 17 cities, comparing the results of these four operators. We have used 5G measurements in addition to those from previous generations of mobile network technology when determining the overall scores for each metric.

Opensignal Awards Table

Mobile Experience Awards, United Kingdom
October 2020, United Kingdom Report
Video Experience
Games Experience
Voice App Experience
Download Speed Experience
Upload Speed Experience
4G Availability
4G Coverage Experience
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Mobile Experience Awards Winners
October 2020, United Kingdom
Video Experience
Games Experience
Voice App Experience
Download Speed Experience
Upload Speed Experience
4G Availability
4G Coverage Experience
Download Image

Overview

Click on metric labels below for a quick preview
Video Experience
in 0-100 points
O2
69.1
Vodafone
67.9
3
66.5
EE
74.2
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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National Analysis

Video Experience

EE once again has won our Video Experience award while O2 has taken second place from Vodafone since our last report. EE has dropped down a category – from Excellent (75 or above) to Very Good (65-75), due to a 1.4 point drop in its score, while the other operators’ ratings are unchanged. This means that our users on all four national operators observed a Very Good Video Experience. This rating indicates that our users enjoyed generally fast loading times and only occasional stalling but the experience might be somewhat inconsistent across users and/or video providers/resolutions.

In addition to being a big factor in dropping Vodafone down to third place from second — and enabling O2 to take second place — the 4.4 point drop in the Video Experience observed by our Vodafone users since our last report was chiefly responsible for the gap between Vodafone’s and 3’s Video Experience scores shrinking to just 1.4 points, down from the 4.2 seen in our previous report.

Video Experience
in 0-100 points
O2
69.1
Vodafone
67.9
3
66.5
EE
74.2
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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Video Experience
Supporting Metrics
in 0-100 points
4G Video Experience
71.6 (± 0.16) 70.4 (± 0.17) 69.1 (± 0.23) 75.1 (± 0.11)
3G Video Experience
48.0 (± 0.65) 48.4 (± 0.73) 57.0 (± 0.50) 57.0 (± 1.02)
+/- numeric values represent confidence intervals.
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Limited
4G Video Experience in 0-100 points
72 (± 0.16)
70 (± 0.17)
69 (± 0.23)
75 (± 0.11)
3G Video Experience in 0-100 points
48 (± 0.65)
48 (± 0.73)
57 (± 0.50)
57 (± 1.02)
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Inc.

Games Experience

EE is the winner of our inaugural Games Experience award in the U.K. — its score of 72.3 was 1.3 points ahead of second-placed Vodafone. However, EE, Vodafone and O2 all placed in the Fair (65-75) category for this measure of the mobile experience, while 3 ended up with a Poor (40-65) rating. Those Opensignal users who had a Fair Games Experience found it to be “average” and in most cases the game was responsive to the actions of the player with the majority of players noticing a delay between their actions and the outcomes in the game. A Poor rating indicates that most users found this level of experience to be unacceptable and many of them felt a lack of controllability in the Games Experience.

Games Experience
in 0-100 points
O2
67.6
Vodafone
71.0
3
59.4
EE
72.3
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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Games Experience
Supporting Metrics
in 0-100 points
4G Games Experience
72.5 (± 0.32) 76.2 (± 0.38) 64.3 (± 0.42) 74.8 (± 0.31)
3G Games Experience
37.5 (± 0.15) 38.6 (± 0.16) 41.4 (± 0.75) 37.4 (± 0.23)
+/- numeric values represent confidence intervals.
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Limited
4G Games Experience in 0-100 points
72 (± 0.32)
76 (± 0.38)
64 (± 0.42)
75 (± 0.31)
3G Games Experience in 0-100 points
37 (± 0.15)
39 (± 0.16)
41 (± 0.75)
37 (± 0.23)
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Inc.

Measured on a scale of 0-100, Opensignal’s Games Experience metric quantifies the experience when playing real-time multiplayer mobile games on mobile devices connected to servers located around the world. The approach is built on several years of research quantifying the relationship between technical network parameters and the gaming experience as reported by real mobile users. These parameters include latency (round trip time), jitter (variability of latency) and packet loss (the proportion of data packets that never reach their destination). Additionally, it considers multiple genres of multiplayer mobile games to measure the average sensitivity to network conditions. The games tested include some of the most popular real-time multiplayer mobile games (such as Fortnite, Pro Evolution Soccer and Arena of Valor) played around the world.

Voice App Experience

Unlike our other measures of the mobile experience in which EE continues to reign supreme, Vodafone continues to hold onto the Voice App Experience award. The operator has managed to win it on no less than three consecutive occasions and this time has won with a score of 78.2 points out of 100, while its margin of victory over second-placed EE has shrunk slightly – dropping to 0.3 points.

In stark contrast to our previous report in which our users across all four national operators saw their Voice App Experience improve — including a gain of 5 points by EE — this time round all four operators saw their scores decline by between 2.9 and 3.6 points. Our O2 users saw the largest drop both in absolute and percentage terms, 3 the least. The declines were sufficient to push EE, O2 and Vodafone down a category — from Good to Acceptable — which puts them in line with 3.

An Acceptable Voice Experience rating means that some users experienced perceptible call quality impairments in the form of clicking sounds or distortion of short duration, and/or the volume may not have been sufficiently loud. However, listeners were generally able to comprehend without repetition.

Voice App Experience
in 0-100 points
O2
76.9
Vodafone
78.2
3
75.9
EE
77.9
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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Voice App Experience
Supporting Metrics
in 0-100 points
4G Voice App Experience
78.0 (± 0.12) 79.3 (± 0.12) 76.9 (± 0.14) 78.4 (± 0.10)
3G Voice App Experience
67.2 (± 0.34) 68.9 (± 0.33) 72.2 (± 0.26) 67.1 (± 0.52)
+/- numeric values represent confidence intervals.
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Limited
4G Voice App Experience in 0-100 points
78 (± 0.12)
79 (± 0.12)
77 (± 0.14)
78 (± 0.10)
3G Voice App Experience in 0-100 points
67 (± 0.34)
69 (± 0.33)
72 (± 0.26)
67 (± 0.52)
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Inc.

Opensignal's Voice App Experience measures the quality of experience for over-the-top (OTT) voice services — mobile voice apps such as WhatsApp, Skype, Facebook Messenger, etc. — using a model derived from the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)-based approach for quantifying overall voice call quality and a series of calibrated technical parameters. This model characterizes the exact relationship between the technical measurements and perceived call quality.

Download Speed Experience

Our users have once again observed the highest average download speeds on EE’s network, with the operator racking up an impressive Download Speed Experience score of 35 Mbps, up 0.4 Mbps from our previous report. EE’s lead in this regard has widened from 11.6 Mbps to 14.6 Mbp, a rise of 3 Mbps. This means that EE’s score is 71.4% higher than second-placed Vodafone. The increase in EE’s lead was primarily due to a 2.6 Mbps drop in the average speeds reported by our Vodafone users. This decline has another consequence – the gap between Vodafone and third-placed 3 has narrowed to just 1.4 Mbps, down from the 4 Mbps seen in our last report.

Download Speed Experience
in Mbps
O2
16.8
Vodafone
20.4
3
19.0
EE
35.0
0 8.75 17.5 26.25 35
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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Download Speed Experience
Supporting Metrics
in Mbps
4G Download Speed
18.2 (± 0.13) 22.4 (± 0.18) 22.2 (± 0.17) 36.4 (± 0.20)
3G Download Speed
4.8 (± 0.08) 4.6 (± 0.07) 7.4 (± 0.09) 6.3 (± 0.16)
+/- numeric values represent confidence intervals.
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Limited
4G Download Speed in Mbps
18 (± 0.13)
22 (± 0.18)
22 (± 0.17)
36 (± 0.20)
3G Download Speed in Mbps
5 (± 0.08)
5 (± 0.07)
7 (± 0.09)
6 (± 0.16)
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Inc.

Slicing our results by mobile network technology generation, our 3 users have continued to observe the fastest average 3G speeds and the gap between the 4G speeds observed between our Vodafone and 3 users is just 0.2 Mbps, down from the 3 Mbps that we reported back in April.

Upload Speed Experience

In contrast to Download Speed Experience, EE’s lead over second-placed Vodafone, has narrowed somewhat, dropping from 1.5 Mbps to 1.1 Mbps, a decline of 0.5 Mbps. The average upload speeds observed by our users are down on those reported back in April across all four operators, with EE users experiencing the largest decline — 0.9 Mbps. Vodafone’s Upload Speed Experience score dropped by 0.5 Mbps, while both 3 and O2’s scores dropped by 0.1 Mbps. As a result, 3’s score is 1.1 Mbps behind that of Vodafone’s, down from the 1.5 Mbps that our users observed back in April.

Upload Speed Experience
in Mbps
O2
5.7
Vodafone
7.7
3
6.6
EE
8.8
0 2.5 5 7.5 10
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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Upload Speed Experience
Supporting Metrics
in Mbps
4G Upload Speed
6.2 (± 0.04) 8.5 (± 0.06) 8.0 (± 0.06) 9.1 (± 0.06)
3G Upload Speed
1.5 (± 0.04) 1.6 (± 0.04) 1.7 (± 0.03) 1.9 (± 0.07)
+/- numeric values represent confidence intervals.
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Limited
4G Upload Speed in Mbps
6 (± 0.04)
8 (± 0.06)
8 (± 0.06)
9 (± 0.06)
3G Upload Speed in Mbps
2 (± 0.04)
2 (± 0.04)
2 (± 0.03)
2 (± 0.07)
Mobile Network Experience Report | October 2020 | © Opensignal Inc.

4G Availability

EE is once again the winner of our 4G Availability award, this time with a score of 94.5%. As with Upload Speed Experience — and in contrast to our previous report when our users saw improvements across the board — all four operators’ scores for 4G Availability have fallen since our previous report. As a result of this, the 90% mark remains elusive for O2 and Vodafone and 3’s score has slipped below 80%. EE’s lead over second-placed O2 has widened slightly, rising from the 5.6 percentage point difference reported back in April to 6.1 percentage points. Meanwhile, the gap between O2 and Vodafone has narrowed to just 0.7 percentage points — down from the 1.2 percentage points seen in our last report.

4G Availability
% of time
O2
88.5
Vodafone
87.7
3
79.8
EE
94.5
0 23.75 47.5 71.25 95
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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4G Coverage Experience

Our users have observed incremental improvements in their 4G Coverage Experience on all four operators’ networks – 0.2 points on O2, 3 and Vodafone; along with 0.1 points on EE. EE is now only 0.3 points off a perfect score and has held onto our 4G Coverage Experience award. However, now only 0.2 points separate EE’s score from that of second-placed O2, down from the gap of 0.3 points seen in our previous report.

4G Coverage Experience
in 0-10 points
O2
9.6
Vodafone
9.2
3
8.9
EE
9.7
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
The brackets represent confidence intervals.
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Opensignal’s 4G Coverage Experience metric is a measure of how mobile subscribers experience 4G coverage on an operator’s network. Measured on a scale of 0-10, it analyzes the locations where customers of a network operator received a 4G signal relative to the locations visited by users of all network operators.

Regional Analysis

EE is the only operator in the U.K. to win any of our city awards outright, across all six of our measures of the mobile experience that we have assessed at the city-level. The operator racked up 64 wins out of a possible 102 and tied for the remainder. The other operators at best jointly won some Opensignal city awards.

In 16 out of the 17 cities that we have investigated in this report, our EE users observed an Excellent Video Experience, while the same was only true for our O2 and Vodafone users in Sheffield and Slough, respectively. In most of the cities studied, our 3, O2 and Vodafone users enjoyed a Very Good Video Experience, though our 3 users in Bristol and Hull had to settle for a Good Video Experience instead.

Turning to Games Experience, only the score reported by our users on EE’s network in Slough — 85.1 — placed in the Excellent category. Our EE users had a Very Good Experience in 15 out of 17 cities, while their Vodafone counterparts did so in 12 and there were only two cities — Nottingham and Slough — where our O2 users did so. While there were five cities in which our 3 users reported a Fair Games Experience, there were 12 in which they observed a Poor one.

Looking at Voice App Experience, EE won outright in two cities — Birmingham and London. It drew in 10 more with Vodafone and there were three-way ties between these two operators and O2 in the remaining five cities. Our EE users observed a Good Voice App Experience in 12 cities, but our Vodafone users weren’t far behind with 11. In the vast majority of the cities we’ve analyzed our 3 and O2 users had an Acceptable experience, though our users on 3 in Hull experienced a Poor one.

Our EE users observed average download speeds above 40 Mbps in 14 cities, with Liverpool and Birkenhead just 0.8 points shy of the 40 mark. In addition, our EE users in Belfast’s average speeds were 0.3 Mbps below 50 Mbps. Vodafone did not obtain a Download Speed Experience score of 40 Mbps or higher in any of the 17 cities, although it came closest in Slough where its score was only 0.8 Mbps shy of the mark. Our users on 3’s network experienced speeds below 20 Mbps in four cities: Hull, London, Bristol and Belfast, while the same was true for our O2 users in seven cities — including the score of 10.7 Mbps seen by them in Reading.

On Upload Speed Experience, our EE users observed speeds above 10 Mbps in 13 cities — with those in Reading just 0.1 Mbps shy of the 12 Mbps mark — and the same was true for our Vodafone users in Glasgow and Slough. Our O2 and 3 users observed average upload speeds below 7 Mbps in 15 and three cities, respectively.

While EE did not hit the 95% mark for 4G Availability nationally, it exceeded it in all 17 cities and the operator won in all but one city for this measure of the mobile experience — it tied with Vodafone in Slough. Speaking of Vodafone, the operator scored above 95% in Nottingham and below 90% in Cardiff. Our users on Vodafone and O2 spent more than 90% of their time on 4G in 16 and 15 cities, respectively, while our users on 3’s network only observed a score above 90% in Slough.

Moving onto the U.K.’s national capitals, in Belfast EE won on Games Experience, Download Speed Experience, Upload Speed Experience and 4G Availability. There was a three-way tie between EE, O2 and Vodafone on Video Experience and a draw between EE and Vodafone on Voice App Experience.

EE had slightly less success in Cardiff, snapping up awards for Video Experience, Download Speed Experience and 4G Availability. Vodafone and EE were joint winners for Games Experience, Voice App Experience and Upload Speed Experience.

In Edinburgh, EE won awards for four out of six metrics, tied with O2 on Games Experience and our users there observed a three-way tie on Voice App Experience between EE, O2 and Vodafone. The average download speed observed by our EE users was more than 20 Mbps faster than that seen by those on the operator with the second highest score — O2. Finally, in London, EE won outright across all six measures of the mobile experience

Select any region below to display individual breakdown

Belfast

Video Experience
in Belfast
in 0-100 points
EE
74.6
O2
74.0
Vodafone
74.1
3
66.2
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Games Experience
in Belfast
in 0-100 points
EE
84.1
O2
72.8
Vodafone
76.3
3
55.9
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Voice App Experience
in Belfast
in 0-100 points
EE
82.1
O2
79.9
Vodafone
80.4
3
76.3
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Download Speed Experience
in Belfast
in Mbps
EE
49.7
O2
26.6
Vodafone
31.6
3
18.7
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Upload Speed Experience
in Belfast
in Mbps
EE
11.5
O2
8.5
Vodafone
9.0
3
8.6
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4G Availability
in Belfast
in %
EE
95.8
O2
91.7
Vodafone
91.7
3
88.9
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Birmingham

Video Experience
in Birmingham
in 0-100 points
3
67.7
O2
70.2
Vodafone
70.0
EE
77.2
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Games Experience
in Birmingham
in 0-100 points
3
64.9
O2
67.7
Vodafone
73.6
EE
79.8
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Voice App Experience
in Birmingham
in 0-100 points
3
77.3
O2
77.3
Vodafone
79.1
EE
80.2
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Download Speed Experience
in Birmingham
in Mbps
3
20.7
O2
17.0
Vodafone
29.0
EE
42.5
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Upload Speed Experience
in Birmingham
in Mbps
3
7.8
O2
5.7
Vodafone
8.8
EE
10.3
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4G Availability
in Birmingham
in %
3
88.1
O2
89.9
Vodafone
91.5
EE
96.4
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Bristol

Video Experience
in Bristol
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
69.3
3
63.9
O2
70.2
EE
75.6
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Games Experience
in Bristol
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
75.8
3
63.0
O2
70.5
EE
77.4
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Voice App Experience
in Bristol
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
80.2
3
77.3
O2
78.4
EE
79.9
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Download Speed Experience
in Bristol
in Mbps
Vodafone
27.9
3
18.5
O2
15.7
EE
43.8
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Upload Speed Experience
in Bristol
in Mbps
Vodafone
8.6
3
6.2
O2
5.9
EE
9.4
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4G Availability
in Bristol
in %
Vodafone
91.5
3
84.9
O2
91.7
EE
96.4
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Cardiff

Video Experience
in Cardiff
in 0-100 points
EE
77.9
O2
70.7
3
67.8
Vodafone
69.8
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Games Experience
in Cardiff
in 0-100 points
EE
79.9
O2
64.2
3
65.3
Vodafone
73.5
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Voice App Experience
in Cardiff
in 0-100 points
EE
80.1
O2
76.6
3
77.8
Vodafone
79.1
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Download Speed Experience
in Cardiff
in Mbps
EE
41.3
O2
15.6
3
22.5
Vodafone
31.6
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Upload Speed Experience
in Cardiff
in Mbps
EE
10.6
O2
6.1
3
8.2
Vodafone
9.4
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4G Availability
in Cardiff
in %
EE
96.8
O2
89.0
3
85.9
Vodafone
88.9
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Edinburgh

Video Experience
in Edinburgh
in 0-100 points
3
67.3
EE
76.7
Vodafone
70.1
O2
74.8
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Games Experience
in Edinburgh
in 0-100 points
3
59.3
EE
80.5
Vodafone
74.5
O2
74.9
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Voice App Experience
in Edinburgh
in 0-100 points
3
76.8
EE
81.0
Vodafone
80.2
O2
80.2
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Download Speed Experience
in Edinburgh
in Mbps
3
21.8
EE
45.4
Vodafone
21.7
O2
25.1
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Upload Speed Experience
in Edinburgh
in Mbps
3
7.2
EE
10.3
Vodafone
7.9
O2
6.4
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4G Availability
in Edinburgh
in %
3
81.7
EE
95.8
Vodafone
90.0
O2
92.1
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Glasgow

Video Experience
in Glasgow
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
71.8
O2
71.5
3
67.3
EE
78.7
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Games Experience
in Glasgow
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
80.1
O2
71.7
3
57.6
EE
78.2
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Voice App Experience
in Glasgow
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
80.8
O2
78.3
3
77.1
EE
80.4
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Download Speed Experience
in Glasgow
in Mbps
Vodafone
37.7
O2
17.7
3
21.2
EE
49.0
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Upload Speed Experience
in Glasgow
in Mbps
Vodafone
11.5
O2
7.1
3
7.8
EE
11.5
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4G Availability
in Glasgow
in %
Vodafone
92.8
O2
91.6
3
85.6
EE
96.3
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Hull

Video Experience
in Hull
in 0-100 points
O2
72.2
EE
76.3
3
59.1
Vodafone
69.1
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Games Experience
in Hull
in 0-100 points
O2
63.1
EE
79.8
3
50.5
Vodafone
77.2
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Voice App Experience
in Hull
in 0-100 points
O2
76.1
EE
80.3
3
73.9
Vodafone
80.2
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Download Speed Experience
in Hull
in Mbps
O2
21.7
EE
44.3
3
14.2
Vodafone
22.3
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Upload Speed Experience
in Hull
in Mbps
O2
5.2
EE
10.1
3
6.8
Vodafone
7.4
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4G Availability
in Hull
in %
O2
90.5
EE
96.5
3
81.0
Vodafone
90.5
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Leeds and Bradford

Video Experience
in Leeds and Bradford
in 0-100 points
3
68.5
Vodafone
68.8
O2
71.8
EE
76.4
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Games Experience
in Leeds and Bradford
in 0-100 points
3
63.7
Vodafone
73.3
O2
72.9
EE
79.6
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Voice App Experience
in Leeds and Bradford
in 0-100 points
3
77.5
Vodafone
79.3
O2
78.8
EE
79.9
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Download Speed Experience
in Leeds and Bradford
in Mbps
3
20.9
Vodafone
17.7
O2
21.9
EE
37.5
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Upload Speed Experience
in Leeds and Bradford
in Mbps
3
7.7
Vodafone
7.7
O2
6.5
EE
9.8
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4G Availability
in Leeds and Bradford
in %
3
86.5
Vodafone
90.2
O2
91.3
EE
95.9
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Leicester

Video Experience
in Leicester
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
72.5
O2
74.4
3
65.9
EE
79.4
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Games Experience
in Leicester
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
79.7
O2
73.8
3
62.0
EE
83.8
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Voice App Experience
in Leicester
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
80.8
O2
79.3
3
75.8
EE
81.3
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Download Speed Experience
in Leicester
in Mbps
Vodafone
27.9
O2
33.2
3
20.2
EE
44.5
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Upload Speed Experience
in Leicester
in Mbps
Vodafone
9.1
O2
5.9
3
6.7
EE
10.5
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4G Availability
in Leicester
in %
Vodafone
94.5
O2
94.5
3
86.7
EE
97.6
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Liverpool and Birkenhead

Video Experience
in Liverpool and Birkenhead
in 0-100 points
EE
75.9
O2
68.8
Vodafone
70.9
3
70.4
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Games Experience
in Liverpool and Birkenhead
in 0-100 points
EE
78.7
O2
67.3
Vodafone
75.9
3
65.7
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Voice App Experience
in Liverpool and Birkenhead
in 0-100 points
EE
80.1
O2
77.4
Vodafone
79.7
3
78.3
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Download Speed Experience
in Liverpool and Birkenhead
in Mbps
EE
39.2
O2
15.6
Vodafone
31.5
3
22.0
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Upload Speed Experience
in Liverpool and Birkenhead
in Mbps
EE
9.5
O2
6.4
Vodafone
9.9
3
8.2
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4G Availability
in Liverpool and Birkenhead
in %
EE
96.5
O2
90.9
Vodafone
91.4
3
87.9
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London

Video Experience
in London
in 0-100 points
3
65.6
Vodafone
69.8
EE
76.8
O2
72.1
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Games Experience
in London
in 0-100 points
3
65.3
Vodafone
73.7
EE
80.1
O2
72.3
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Voice App Experience
in London
in 0-100 points
3
76.6
Vodafone
79.0
EE
79.7
O2
78.2
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Download Speed Experience
in London
in Mbps
3
17.5
Vodafone
31.6
EE
45.1
O2
27.3
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Upload Speed Experience
in London
in Mbps
3
7.6
Vodafone
9.8
EE
11.3
O2
5.2
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4G Availability
in London
in %
3
88.5
Vodafone
90.8
EE
95.7
O2
90.5
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Manchester

Video Experience
in Manchester
in 0-100 points
EE
76.8
O2
69.2
Vodafone
71.7
3
68.2
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Games Experience
in Manchester
in 0-100 points
EE
77.7
O2
69.2
Vodafone
78.0
3
63.0
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Voice App Experience
in Manchester
in 0-100 points
EE
79.8
O2
77.5
Vodafone
80.2
3
76.9
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Download Speed Experience
in Manchester
in Mbps
EE
42.7
O2
14.8
Vodafone
29.2
3
21.0
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Upload Speed Experience
in Manchester
in Mbps
EE
10.3
O2
6.3
Vodafone
9.6
3
7.4
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4G Availability
in Manchester
in %
EE
96.2
O2
90.9
Vodafone
92.3
3
86.0
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Newcastle

Video Experience
in Newcastle
in 0-100 points
O2
73.3
EE
76.6
3
68.7
Vodafone
68.4
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Games Experience
in Newcastle
in 0-100 points
O2
72.4
EE
74.5
3
58.5
Vodafone
75.2
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Voice App Experience
in Newcastle
in 0-100 points
O2
79.0
EE
79.5
3
76.4
Vodafone
79.8
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Download Speed Experience
in Newcastle
in Mbps
O2
23.0
EE
42.2
3
21.5
Vodafone
19.0
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Upload Speed Experience
in Newcastle
in Mbps
O2
6.7
EE
9.2
3
7.8
Vodafone
8.2
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4G Availability
in Newcastle
in %
O2
92.6
EE
97.3
3
85.5
Vodafone
92.0
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Nottingham

Video Experience
in Nottingham
in 0-100 points
O2
74.6
3
68.1
EE
76.6
Vodafone
72.2
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Games Experience
in Nottingham
in 0-100 points
O2
78.2
3
66.1
EE
84.5
Vodafone
84.2
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Voice App Experience
in Nottingham
in 0-100 points
O2
80.6
3
78.8
EE
81.0
Vodafone
81.7
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Download Speed Experience
in Nottingham
in Mbps
O2
26.3
3
21.2
EE
44.7
Vodafone
23.3
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Upload Speed Experience
in Nottingham
in Mbps
O2
6.1
3
7.6
EE
10.2
Vodafone
8.0
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4G Availability
in Nottingham
in %
O2
94.3
3
87.8
EE
97.2
Vodafone
95.1
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Reading

Video Experience
in Reading
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
71.5
EE
76.9
O2
67.9
3
70.3
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Games Experience
in Reading
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
78.4
EE
83.0
O2
67.7
3
62.7
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Voice App Experience
in Reading
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
80.4
EE
80.9
O2
77.2
3
76.4
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Download Speed Experience
in Reading
in Mbps
Vodafone
28.0
EE
42.8
O2
10.7
3
21.9
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Upload Speed Experience
in Reading
in Mbps
Vodafone
7.7
EE
11.9
O2
4.2
3
7.1
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4G Availability
in Reading
in %
Vodafone
92.6
EE
96.8
O2
91.4
3
84.1
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Sheffield

Video Experience
in Sheffield
in 0-100 points
O2
76.5
Vodafone
69.7
EE
78.5
3
67.6
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Games Experience
in Sheffield
in 0-100 points
O2
74.6
Vodafone
76.2
EE
82.3
3
64.6
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Voice App Experience
in Sheffield
in 0-100 points
O2
79.6
Vodafone
80.1
EE
80.9
3
77.2
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Download Speed Experience
in Sheffield
in Mbps
O2
28.4
Vodafone
22.8
EE
43.2
3
21.0
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Upload Speed Experience
in Sheffield
in Mbps
O2
6.8
Vodafone
7.6
EE
11.3
3
7.6
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4G Availability
in Sheffield
in %
O2
91.8
Vodafone
90.6
EE
97.3
3
88.4
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Slough

Video Experience
in Slough
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
76.4
3
70.2
O2
72.9
EE
76.1
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Games Experience
in Slough
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
83.6
3
65.1
O2
76.1
EE
85.1
Download Image
Voice App Experience
in Slough
in 0-100 points
Vodafone
81.7
3
75.7
O2
80.5
EE
82.5
Download Image
Download Speed Experience
in Slough
in Mbps
Vodafone
39.3
3
20.9
O2
32.9
EE
36.5
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Upload Speed Experience
in Slough
in Mbps
Vodafone
10.3
3
8.7
O2
4.7
EE
11.0
Download Image
4G Availability
in Slough
in %
Vodafone
94.9
3
93.3
O2
93.4
EE
97.5
Download Image
Learn more

Opensignal measures the real-world experience of consumers on mobile networks in the places they live, work and travel.

We continually adapt our methodology to best represent the true experience of smartphone users. Therefore, comparisons of the results to past reports should be considered indicative only.

For every metric we calculate statistical confidence intervals indicated on our graphs. When confidence intervals overlap, our measured results are too close to declare a winner. In those cases, we show a statistical draw. For this reason, some metrics have multiple winners.

In our bar graphs we represent confidence intervals as boundaries on either sides of graph bars. In our supporting-metric charts we show confidence intervals as +/- numerical values.

More about Methodology

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For every metric we calculate statistical confidence intervals indicated on our graphs. When confidence intervals overlap, our measured results are too close to declare a winner. In those cases, we show a statistical draw. For this reason, some metrics have multiple operator winners.

In our bar graphs we represent confidence intervals as boundaries on either sides of graph bars.

In our supporting-metric charts we show confidence intervals as +/- numerical values.

Why confidence intervals are vital in analyzing mobile network experience

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